Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Macrosociology

The Borders of the World

The Borders of the World: Processes of De- and Rebordering in a Global Perspective (part of the CRC 1265: Re-Figuration of Space)

 

Funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), 1/2018-12/2021, 1/2022-12/2025

 

Project Coordinator: Steffen Mau

Researchers: Kristina Korte, Aljoscha Jacobi, Dorothea Biaback Anong

(Researchers in the first period: Fabian Gülzau, Kristina Korte, Aljoscha Jacobi)

 

The project “The Borders of the World: Processes of De- and Rebordering in a Global Perspective” (C01) is part of the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1265 “Re-Figuration of Space”. In the project, Prof. Dr. Steffen Mau and colleagues analyze territorial borders between different nation-states.

In contrast to earlier assumptions of globalization literature, which expected debordering and a diminishing role of borders, the project conceptualizes borders as physical and material barriers. This conceptualization makes it possible to analyze how border infrastructures affect the appropriation of space, the organization of territoriality, and the mobility of individuals. In this perspective, rebordering and re-figuration are intertwined. The project applies a comparative perspective in order to survey the material and physical qualities of land border of nation-states. We expect that differing border configurations lead to varying relations of space and spatial stabilization.

The project aims at surveying all land borders between nation-states. A systematic typology of borders will include borders without barriers, borders with punctual controls and patrols, and those that feature significant fences and walls with barbed wire. On the basis of this taxonomy, case studies on borders that are highly fortified and militarized will be conducted. The qualitative part of the study is meant to provide in-depth insights on the factors driving the fortification and militarization of borders as well as their effect on border crossings, interactions and mobility.

 

Website of the CRC


 

Publications

  • Kristina Korte (2022): Wandelndes Klima, wachsende Zäune. Wie Klimaflucht, Konflikte und Grenzbefestigungen zusammenhängen. (Blogartikel: https://www.sfb1265.de/blog/wandelndes-klima-wachsende-zaeune-wie-klimaflucht-konflikte-und-grenzbefestigungen-zusammenhaengen/)
  • *Kristina Korte (2021): Filtering or Blocking Mobility? Inequalities, Marginalization, and Power Relations at Fortified Borders. In: Historical Social Research 46:3, 49-77.
  • Fabian Gülzau/ Kristina Korte (2021): Mauern aus Papier, Mauern aus Stein.In Hoerning, J. & Misselwitz, P. (Hrsg.), Räume in Veränderung – Ein visuelles Lesebuch (pp. 130-141). Berlin: Jovis Verlag.
  • Steffen Mau (2021): Borders are back! In: 5 plus. Das Magazin der Buchhandlungen 2/21: 48-52.
  • Steffen Mau (2021): Mauern der Ungleichheit. Die Rückkehr der befestigten Grenzen. In: Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik 8/21: 61-70.
  • Steffen Mau (2020): Borders that stay, move, and expand. In Shachar, A. (Hrsg.),The shifting border. Legal cartographies of migration and mobility (pp.139-157). Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • *Fabian Gülzau (2021): A ‘New Normal’ for the Schengen Area. When, Where and Why Member States Reintroduce Temporary Border Controls?, in: Journal of Borderlands Studies, , DOI: 10.1080/08865655.2021.1996260.

  • *Fabian Gülzau/Mau, Steffen (2021): Walls, Barriers, Checkpoints, Landmarks, and “No-Man’s-Land. A Quantitative Typology of Border Control Infrastructure“, in: Historical Social Research 46:3, 23-48.

  • Fabian Gülzau, Steffen Mau und Kristina Korte (2021): Borders as Places of Control. Fixing, Shifting and Reinventing State Borders, in: Historical Social Research 46:3, 7-22.
  • Steffen Mau (2021): Sortiermaschinen. Die Neuerfindung der Grenze im 21. Jahrhundert. C.H. Beck: München.
  • Mau, Steffen, Gülzau, Fabian and Kristina Korte (2021): Grenzen erkunden. Grenzinfrastrukturen und die Rolle fortifizierter Grenzen im globalen Kontext, in: Martina Löw, Volkan Sayman, Jona Schwerer and Hannah Wolf (Eds.): Am Ende der Globalisierung. Über die Re-Figuration von Räumen, Bielefeld: transcript, 129-153.
  • Korte, Kristina (2020): “Who is the Animal in the Zoo?” Fencing in and Fencing out at the Hungarian-Serbian Border. A Qualitative Case Study, in: Journal of Borderland Studies.
  • Mau, Steffen (2018): Grenze, in: Müller, Hans Peter & Tilman Reitz (Eds.): Simmel-Handbuch. Begriffe, Hauptwerke, Aktualität, Berlin: Suhrkamp.

 

Presentations

  • Gülzau, Fabian and Kristina Korte Walls, Barriers, Checkpoints, Landmarks, No Man's Land. A typology of border infrastructure, Presentation at the 6. Annual Conference of the Kulturwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft "B/Ordering Cultures", Frankfurt (Oder), Europa-Universität Viadrina, October 8, 2019.

  • Gülzau, Fabian Ähnlichkeit und Zirkulation. Wie sich Staaten zwischen 'offenen' und 'geschlossenen' Grenzen entscheiden, Presentation at the 40. Conference of the German Sociological Association, Berlin, TU Berlin, September 22, 2019.

  • Korte, Kristina "It‘s a mess" - Praktiken der Migrationskontrolle an fortifizierten Grenzen. Das Beispiel der Grenzzäune in Ungarn und den USA, Presentation at the 40. Conference of the German Sociological Association, Berlin, TU Berlin, September 22, 2019.
  • Gülzau, Fabian (Im)mobilisierung. Die Re-Figuration von Grenzen in globaler Perspektive, Presentation at the 40. Conference of the German Sociological Association, Berlin, TU Berlin, September 16, 2019.

  • Gülzau, Fabian The Borders of the World: Processes of De- and Rebordering in a Global Perspective, Presentation at the "Workshop "DE-RE-BORD: Socio-spatial transformations in German-Polish 'interstices'. Practices of debordering and rebordering", Erkner, Leibniz-Institute for Research on Society and Space (IRS), September 3/4, 2018.
  • Gülzau, Fabian Global Visa Policy & Border Protection Data. Presentation at the Workshop 'Tracking Global Population Mobilities: Conceptual, Measurement, and Analytical Challenges', Florence, European University Institute (EUI), February 26, 2018.

 

As part of the project “the borders of the world” we have created a data set, which we make available here. The “border infrastructure data” seeks to capture the infrastructure at the border line. It comprises all land borders worldwide (N=630) and classifies border architecture into five categories, from relatively open to completely closed. The data was collected as part of the research project The Borders of the World: Processes of De- and Rebordering in a Global Perspective (SFB 1265, C01, PI: Prof. Dr. Steffen Mau) which was funded by the German Research Foundation, project number 290045248 - SFB 1265). For more details on the dataset, please consult the following article:

Gülzau, F., & Mau, S. (2021a). Walls, Barriers, Checkpoints, Landmarks, and “No-Man’s-Land.” A Quantitative Typology of Border Control Infrastructure. Historical Social Research, 46(3), 23-48. doi:10.12759/hsr.46.2021.3.23-48

If you want to use the data-set for further scientific analysis, please cite this article. Below, we publish the data set as well as the codebook.

 

border-infrastructure-data.xlsx

Codebook

 

Im Rahmen des Projekts "Die Grenzen der Welt" haben wir einen Datensatz erstellt, den wir hier zur Verfügung stellen. Die "Grenzinfrastrukturdaten" zielen darauf ab, die Infrastruktur an der Grenzlinie zu erfassen. Der Datensatz umfasst alle Landgrenzen weltweit (N=630) und klassifiziert die Grenzarchitektur in fünf Kategorien, von relativ offen bis vollständig geschlossen. Die Daten wurden im Rahmen des Forschungsprojekts „Die Grenzen der Welt: Prozesse der Ent- und Neuordnung in globaler Perspektive“ (SFB 1265, C01, PI: Prof. Dr. Steffen Mau) gesammelt, das von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft gefördert wurde (Projektnummer 290045248 - SFB 1265). Weitere Details zum Datensatz finden Sie im folgenden Artikel:

Gülzau, F., & Mau, S. (2021a). Walls, Barriers, Checkpoints, Landmarks, and "No-Man's-Land". Eine quantitative Typologie der Grenzkontrollinfrastruktur. Historical Social Research, 46(3), 23-48. doi:10.12759/hsr.46.2021.3.23-48

Wenn Sie die Daten verwenden möchten, zitieren Sie bitte diesen Artikel. Unten stehend veröffentlichen wir den Datensatz sowie das Codebuch.

 

border-infrastructure-data.xlsx

Codebuch